元宵节、汤圆的英文是什么你造吗?

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楼主 2018-06-12 15:46:08
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转载自:Hitalk英语口语 ojiakouyu

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元宵节又称为“上元节”,按中国民间的传统,这天,人们要点起彩灯万盏以示庆贺。出门赏月、燃灯放焰、喜猜灯谜、共吃元宵,合家团聚、其乐融融。



而吃团圆饭、猜灯谜、观花灯、放烟花等习俗更是元宵节必不可少的节目。转眼又到了这一天,可是你真的了解元宵节吗?这次让你360度全部方位了解元宵节!


significance


The Lantern Festival falls on the 15th day of the 1st lunar month. It is the first full moon of the new year, symbolizing unity and perfection.

元宵节在农历第一个月的十五号,它是新的一年的第一次满月,象征着团圆和美。


origin


the Han Dynasty(206BC-220AD), Buddhism flourished all over China. One emperor heard that Buddhism monks would watch sarira , or remains from the cremation of Buddha's body , and light laterns to worship buddha on the 15th day of the 1st lunar month, so he ordered to light laterns in the imperial palace and temples to show respect to Buddha on this day. 

东汉时期,提倡佛教,听说佛教有正月十五日僧人观舍利,点灯敬佛的做法,就命令这一天夜晚在皇宫和寺庙里点灯敬佛,令士族和庶民都挂灯。



Later, the Buddhist rite developed into a grand festival among common people and its influence expanded form the Central Plains to the whole China.

以后这种佛教礼仪节日逐渐演变为民间盛大的节日。元宵节经历了由宫廷到民间,由中原到全国的发展过程。



下面就向大家介绍一些元宵节常用词语的英文说法。先来几个关键词:


The Lantern Festival 元宵节

Lantern 灯笼

The 15th day of the lunar calendar 正月十五

dumpling 汤圆



汤圆在英语里也是dumpling。


Dumplings:饺子、包子、汤圆......总之,外面有皮包着,里面有馅儿的中式点心都能统称dumpling


汤圆也可以这样说:Sticky rice dumplings或soup dumplings




yuanxiao


People will eat yuanxiao, or rice dumplings, on the Lantern Festival, so it is aslo called the “Yuanxiao Festival”, Yuanxiao also has another name, tangyuan. It is small dumpling balls made of glutionous rice with rose petals, sesame, bean paste, walnut meat, dried fruit, sugar and edible oil as filling. Tangyuan can be boiled, fried or steamed. It tastes sweet and has the meaning of reunion. So people eat them to denote union, harmony and happiness for the family.

民间过元宵节都会吃元宵。元宵由糯米制成,或实心,或带馅,馅有豆沙、白糖、山楂、各类果料等。食用时煮、炸、蒸皆可。起初,人们把这种食物叫作“浮圆子”,后来又叫汤团或汤圆,这些名称与“团圆”字音相近,取团圆之意,象征全家人团团圆圆和睦幸福。



元宵是北方的叫法,它是以馅为基础制作的。大致过程是先是拌馅料,和匀后摊成大圆薄片,晾凉后再切成比乒乓球小的立方块。然后把馅块放入像大筛子似的机器里,倒上江米粉,“筛”起来了。随着馅料在互相撞击中变成球状,江米也沾到馅料表面形成了元宵。做成的元宵江米粉层很薄、表面是干的,下锅煮时江米粉才吸收水份变糊。


汤圆是南方的叫法,它的做法类似包饺子。先把糯米粉加水和成团),然后把做馅的各种原料拌匀放在大碗里备用(不须像做元宵那样切成小块)。汤团馅含水量比元宵多,这是两者的区别之一。包汤团的过程也像饺子,但不用擀面杖。湿糯米粉粘性极强,只好用手揪一小团湿面,挤压成圆片形状。用筷子(或薄竹片状的工具)挑一团馅放在糯米片上,再用双手边转边收口做成汤团。做得好的汤团表面光滑发亮。


custom


In the daytime of the Festival, performances such as a dragon lantern dance, a lion dance, a land boat dance, a yangge dance, walking on stilts and beating drums while dancing will be staged. On the night, except for magnificent lanterns, fireworks form a beautiful scene. Most families spare some fireworks from the Spring Festival and let them off in the Lantern Festival. 

元宵节的白天会有舞龙舞狮、划旱船、扭秧歌、踩高跷。而在晚上,除了各种大型灯会,灿烂的焰火也是一幅美丽的画卷。很多家庭在春节时会留下一部分烟花等着元宵节放。



Some local governments will even organize a fireworks party. On the night when the first full moon enters the New Year, people become really intoxicated by the imposing fireworks and bright moon in the sky.

有的地方甚至会组织焰火晚会。当新年的第一轮圆月升上夜空时,人们都会因燃放的烟火和空中的明月而兴奋。



在元宵节期间,人们举行各种民俗活动,赏月、观花灯、猜灯谜、放烟花、舞龙灯、舞狮子、跑旱船、踩高跷、扭秧歌,其乐融融。元宵节也成为中国诸多传统节日当中最热闹的一个,可以称为中国的“狂欢节”。


Guessing lantern riddles


"Guessing lantern riddles"is an essential part of the Festival. 

猜灯谜也是元宵节活动的一个基本组成部分。



Lantern owners write riddles on a piece of paper and post them on the lanterns. If visitors have solutions to the riddles, they can pull the paper out and go to the lantern owners to check their answer. If they are right, they will get a little gift. 

灯笼的所有者将谜语写在一张纸条上,然后将纸条展示在灯笼上。如果赏灯者猜出谜语,就将纸条取出,然后找灯笼所有者确认答案。答对的话,他们就可以领取一份小礼品。



猜灯谜的英文是solve riddles on the lanterns 。猜谜"还可以说成solve a puzzle或find the answer to a puzzle。


元宵祝福


接下来,最最最实用的英语来了!过元宵节怎么能没有祝福语呢?我们一起来学几句祝福语,这一次用英语来做元宵节祝福!



1. 元宵节之际,祝你心中有首快乐的歌,新年快乐!


Wishing you a merry song in your heart at Lantern Festival and blessings all year long!


2. 在元宵节来临之际,祝你平安,快乐,幸福。万事圆!


Wishing you peace, joy and happiness and everything all the best through Lantern !



3. 致以热烈的祝贺和良好的祝福,元宵节快乐!


Warm greetings and best wishes for Lantern Festival!


4. 快乐的元宵之际,谨致我的想念与祝福。


Thinking of you and wish you a Happy Lantern Festival.



5. 元宵节转眼又到,快乐也到!我们向你及你的亲人们致以最美好的圣诞祝福,愿你在接下来的日子里事业兴旺,幸福美满!


It seems that Lantern Festival is here once again, and it is time again to bring in happiness. We wish the merriest of Lantern Festival to you and your loved ones, and we wish you happiness and prosperity in the days ahead!


6. 愿你元宵节幸福无尽。


May Lantern Festival be filled with happiness for you.



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